Modern Men in Enlarged Europe II: Family-Friendly Policies
The aim of the former project was to foster modern gender roles, to overcome hegemonic masculinity stereotypes, where paternity leave was used as a means to confront stereotypes on men and to develop new images of men as care-givers. It targeted personal attitudes and perception of masculinity roles. The present project is focused on facilitating changes in the social/institutional system which makes substantial influence on men participation in family-work life reconciliation processes and gender equality promotion.
The main objectives of the project are:
- To reveal and compare good practices of fathers’ reconciliation strategies to create gender equality at home among different countries.
- To develop knowledge of how employed fathers‘ fulfill their roles both within the family and at work and what mechanisms at political, institutional and individual levels could facilitate them to balance these roles and achieve more equal gender relationship at home.
- To explore the obstacles of cultural origins (values, traditions, norms, stereotypes), obstacles on institutional level and ideological contexts (welfare systems) which weekend men’s possibilities to create balanced parenting and reconcile private and professional live.
- To compare situation in the countries with different welfare systems and cultural/family tradition backgrounds (Nordic countries with dual-breadwinner model; continental Europe countries with male-breadwinner/female-part-time-employed-and-homemaker model; South Europe countries with male-breadwinner/female-homemaker model; and Eastern Europe countries with not clearly crystallized/still developing model).
- To promote family friendly work environment and to encourage employers to implement innovative reconciliation practices.
- To create better knowledge on how welfare systems and work organization in labor market can be constructed in order to promote positive changes of gendered roles, meanings and subjectivities towards more equal societies.
- To strengthen international cooperation on gender mainstreaming policies, and to stimulate discussion and transfer good practices knowledge at the European level in the most effective way.
Participating countries -- Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Lithuania -- represent different welfare systems and cultural/family tradition backgrounds, but share the common experience that men take substantial place in the reconciliation of work and family live and play important role in promotion of gender equality in whole society.